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Fijian Community Association Victoria Inc

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(CLICK ON THE BUTTON ABOVE TO LEARN THE FIJIAN CULTURE AND TRADITION)
FIJIAN LANGUAGE AND CULTURE WEEK - SATURDAY 3RD OCTOBER TO SATURDAY 10TH OCTOBER, 2020

Here's something to look forward to. Very interesting as delivery will be done online. So stay home, keep safe and tune in to lessons delivered by knowledgeable members of the Fijian Community with vast experience in our vibrant Fijian Language and Culture.

Keep checking for more information....

BULA VINAKA. Come learn the Fijian Language with us. IT IS FUN. You should try and know a few basic Fijian words before you meet Fijians. They will love you for that.

To fully grasp the Fijian pronunciation of every word, you will need to quickly learn how to pronounce the Vowels which is slightly different to the English version of "a, e, i , o and u".

This is important because the vowels in the Fijian Language determines the sounds or pronunciation when accompanied by letters.

The Fijian pronunciation of the vowels are as given below:

Fijian Pronunciation
Vowels

“a” is “ah” as in art..

"e" is "eh" as in egg.

“i” is”e” as in eat..

“o” is “or” as in on.

“u” is”oo” as in cool.

 

Fijian letters are mostly accompanied with vowels to form words that determine a major part in their pronunciation.

The letters: b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, y are all accompanied by vowels to form the basis of how we pronounce them.

(Note: x and z are not used in the Fijian Language)

​B (b)

“ba” is “bah” as in but.

​Letter "b" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"be" is "bhe" as in bet. The island of Beqa is pronounced “Beng-gah”.

"bi" is "be" as in bee.

"bo" is "boh" as in boat.

"bu" is "boo" as in boot. You’ll hear “bula” or “hello” many times. You may notice the slight humming “m”, almost silent at the beginning. When something precedes the “b”, then the “m” sound becomes more pronounced. The formal “hello”, Ni Sa Bula, is pronounced “ni sahm” boola”.

 

The letter C can be very confusing when pronounced in the Fijian Language. It takes the "th" sound in the beginning of every word where c leads other preceding letters in a word. While C in English takes a K sound in Fijian, The Car word in English starts with C while in Fijian, a similar word as in Cara is pronounced "The...Rar".

C (c)

“ca” is “the” as in “thumb”.

Letter "c" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"ce" is "they (silent y)" as in that. So “moce” meaning goodbye is pronounced “moe-they”.

"ci" is "thee" as in think.

"co" is "tho" as in thought.

"cu" is "thoo" as in through.

 

​D (d)

“da” is “dah” as in dart.

Letter "d" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"de" is "dhe" as in date.

"di" is "dee" as in dig. The correct pronunciation of Nadi, is closer to “Nahn-di” than “Nan-di”.

"do" is "dho" as in dough.

"du" is "doo" as in duplicate.

 

F (f)

"fa" is "far" as in father.

Letter "f" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"fe" is "feh" as in fetch.

"fi" is "fhi" as in physical.

"fo" is "foh" as in phone.

"fu" is "phoo" as in food.

 

G (g)

"ga" is "gah" as in singer.

Letter "g" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"ge" is "geh" as in sing-it.

"gi" is "ghi" as in singing.

"go" is "goh" as in son(gho).

"gu" is "ghoo" as in good.

 

J (j)

“ja” is “cha” as in “champion”.

Letter "c" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"je" is "che" as in change. 

"ji" is "chee" as in cheese.

"jo" is "cho" as in chalk.

"ju" is "choo" as in choose.

 

K (k)

“ka” is “kha” as in “colour”.

Letter "k" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"ke" is "khe" as in cake. 

"ki" is "kee" as in key.

"ko" is "kho" as in cocoa.

"ku" is "khoo" as in cookie.

 

L (l)

“la” is “lah” as in “colour”.

Letter "l" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"le" is "leh" as in lemon. 

"li" is "lee" as in limosine.

"lo" is "loh" as in low.

"lu" is "loo" as in loot.

 

M (m)

“ma” is “mah” as in “mum”.

Letter "m" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"me" is "meh" as in met. 

"mi" is "mee" as in me.

"mo" is "moh" as in mosquito.

"mu" is "moo" as in movie.

You’ll hear “moce” or “good bye” many times. The formal “moce”, Ni sa moce is pronounced “Nee sah moh they”.

 

N (n)

“na” is “nah” as in “nun”.

Letter "n" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"ne" is "nhe" as in net. 

"ni" is "nee" as in knee.

"no" is "noh" as in know.

"nu" is "noo" as in canoe.

 

P (p)

“pa” is “par” as in “partner”.

Letter "n" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"pe" is "phe" as in perimeter. 

"pi" is "pee" as in peace.

"po" is "poh" as in pocket.

"pu" is "poo" as in put.

 

Q (q)

“qa” is “qah” as in “gut”.

Letter "n" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"qe" is "ghe" as in get. 

"qi" is "gee" as in ghee.

"qo" is "goh" as in got.

"qu" is "goo" as in good.

 

R (r)

“ra” is “rah” as in “round”.

Letter "n" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"re" is "rhe" as in rent. 

"ri" is "re" as in wrist.

"ro" is "roh" as in raw.

"ru" is "roo" as in kangaroo.

 

S (s)

“sa” is “sar” as in “Saturday”.

Letter "n" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"se" is "seh" as in sell. 

"si" is "see" as in seek.

"so" is "soh" as in sold.

"su" is "soo" as in sooth.

 

T (t)

“ta” is “tah” as in “tunnel”.

Letter "n" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"te" is "the" as in text. 

"ti" is "tee" as in tea.

"to" is "toh" as in toll.

"tu" is "too" as in took.

 

V (v)

“va” is “vah” as in “vulture”.

Letter "n" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"ve" is "vhe" as in vacate. 

"vi" is "vee" as in visit.

"vo" is "voh" as in volcano.

"vu" is "voo" as in voodoo.

 

W (w)

“wa” is “wah” as in “what”.

Letter "n" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"we" is "whe" as in went. 

"wi" is "wee" as in win.

"wo" is "woh" as in worst.

"wu" is "woo" as in woman.

 

Y (y)

“ya” is “yah” as in “yarn”.

Letter "n" with accompanying vowels "e, i, o. u."

"ye" is "yhe" as in yes 

"yi" is "yee" as in yeast.

"yo" is "yoh" as in york.

"yu" is "you" as in you.

 

Apart from letters standing with Vowels, we do have some Fijian words where letters are not accompanied by vowels (especially DR)

"dra" is drah as in drug

"dre" is dreh as in dredge

"dri" is dree as in drift

"dro" is droh as in drop

"dru" is drooh as in droop

 

BASIC FIJIAN WORDS

TUTUVI - BLANKET

LOKOLOKO - PILLOW

KATUBA - DOOR

IBE - MAT

I DAVODAVO - BED OR SLEEPING BED

DAVO / DAVOCE - TO LIE ON

VAKADAVORA - TO LAY DOWN

SUKA - SUGAR

MASIMA - SALT

VELETI - PLATE

SEPUNI / I TAKI - SPOON

TEVELI - TABLE

I CULA - FORK

I SELE - KNIFE

KURO - POT

KATO NI WAI LIWALIWA - FRIDGE

KATALAU - BREAKFAST

VAKASIGALEVU - LUNCH

VAKAYAKAVI - DINNER

KOKODA - RAW FISH

URAU KEI NA SASALU NI WAITUI - LOBSTER AND SEA FOOD

PALUSAMI - TARO LEAVES IN COCONUT MILK

IKA KEI NA OTA - FISH AND EDIBLE FERN

VUAKA VAVI - ROAST PORK

DALO - TARO

TAVIOKA - CASSAVA


COUNTING (FRUITS) IN FIJIAN

(1) DUA  - ONE. DUA NA PAINAPIU - ONE PINEAPPLE (PAINAPIU - PINEAPPLE)

(2) RUA - RUA NA MAQO - TWO MANGOES (MAQO - MANGOES)

(3) TOLU - TOLU NA SILA - THREE CORNS (SILA - CORNS)

(4) VA - VA NA APOLO - FOUR APPLES (APOLO - APPLES)

(5) LIMA NA MOLI - FIVE ORANGES (MOLI - ORANGES)

(6) ONO NA JAINA - SIX BANANAS (JAINA - BANANAS)

(7) VITU NA VUA NI GRAPES - SEVEN GRAPE FRUITS

(8) WALU NA VARASA - EIGHT ONIONS (VARASA - ONIONS)

(9) CIWA NA YALOKA - NINE EGGS (YALOKA - EGGS)

(10) TINI NA YALOKA - TEN EGGS 

TWELVE EGGS - TINIKARUA NA YALOKA  

1 DOZEN - 1 NA DASENI


INTRODUCING YOURSELF

NI SA BULA VINAKA - HELLO (formal)

NA YACAQU KO TEVITA - MY NAME IS TEVITA   (Question - What is your name? 'O CEI NA YACAMU?

YACAQU - MY NAME     -        YACAMU - YOUR NAME

AU GONE NI REWA - I AM FROM REWA

AU VASU KI TAVUA - (My mother is from Tavua)

NA YACA I TAMAQU KO SAVENACA - MY FATHER'S NAME IS SAVENACA

NA YACA I TINAQU KO SYLVIA - MY MOTHER'S NAME IS SYLVIA

AU SA YABAKI TINI - I AM 10 YEARS OLD      (Question - How old are you? KO SA YABAKI VICA? 

YABAKI - YEAR/AGE   (Example - The year 2020  NA YABAKI 2020)  

AU VAKA I TIKOTIKO E BENDIGO - I LIVE IN BENDIGO

I TIKOTIKO - DWELLING/PLACE/RESIDE (Where you live)


YOU AND YOUR FAMILY

KO IKO - YOU  ('O IKO - SPOKEN)

KO AU - ME ('O AU - SPOKEN)

YACAQU - MY NAME

YACAMU - YOUR NAME

MATAVUVALE - FAMILY

TAMAQU - MY FATHER 

TAMAMU - YOUR FATHER

TACIQU - YOUNGER BROTHER/SISTER

GANEQU - YOUR BROTHER/SISTER (IF YOU ARE A BOY, GANEQU IS YOUR SISTER) , IF YOU ARE A GIRL, GANEQU IS YOUR BROTHER

MOMO - UNCLE

NEI - AUNT

TUKAQU - GRANDFATHER (NA TUKAQU - MY GRANDFATHER)

TUKAMU - YOUR GRANDFATHER - NA TUKAMU

BUQU - GRANDMOTHER (BUQU IS SHORT FOR TUBUQU)

NA BUQU - MY GRANDMOTHER (OR BUBU - BUQU IS SHORT FOR TUBUQU)

BUMU - GRANDMOTHER (OR BUBU. BUMU IS SHORT FOR TUBUMU)


GREETING WORDS

BULA - Bula

BULA VINAKA - Bula vinaka  (HELLO, GOOD AFTERNOON, GOOD EVENING)

NI SA BULA VINAKA - Ni sa bula vinaka.

NI SA BULA VINAKA SAKA - Ni sa bula vinaka saka (Formal way of saying Hello Sir/Madam)

NI SA YADRA - Ni sa yadra

YADRA VINAKA - (Good Morning)

NI SA YADRA VINAKA SAKA - (Formal way of saying Good Morning Sir/Madam)

MOCE - Moce )Good bye)

NI SA MOCE - Ni sa moce.

NI SA MOCE SAKA - (Formal way of saying Good bye Sir/Madam)


​Some everyday Fijian words that is easy to learn:

 

EnglishFijian (phonetic syllables)
good morningni sa yadra (ni sah yan dra)
hello!bula (mboolah)
goodbyeni sa moce (nee sar mothey)
pleaseyalo vinaka (yalo vee nah-kah)
excuse metulou (too low)
yesio (ee-oh)
thank youvinaka (vee nah-kah)
nosega (sen-gah)
eatkana (kah nah)
villagekoro (kho-raw)
lady

marama (mah rah mah)

yalewa ​(yah-leh-wah)

mister

gentleman

turaga (too rah gah)

tagane ​(tah-gah-neh)

littlelailai ( lie lie)
plentylevu (leh voo)
quicklytotolo (toh toh loh)
housevale (vah leh)
toiletvale lailai (vah leh lie lie)
comelako mai (lah ko my)
golako (lah koh)
bringkauta mai (kah oo tah my)
one moredua tale (ndua tah lay)
go awaylako tani (lah-koh tah-nee)
evadelevea (leh-veh-yah)
what is thisna cava oqo (nha thavah or go)
drinkgunu (goo noo)
coconutniu (new)
I wantau vinakata (aoo vinah kahtah)
churchvale ni lotu (vahle nee lohtoo)
shopsitoa (seetoah)
Beginners 1 students, click on the link below to access your lessons:

BEGINNERS 1 CLASS

EnglishFijian (phonetic syllables)
milksucu (soo - thoo)
saltmasima (mah-see-mah)
sugarsuka (soo-kah)
matibe (e-beh)
tableteveli (teh-veh-lee)
chairdabedabe (dah-beh-dah-beh)
beddavodavo (dah-voh-dah-voh)
bottletavaya (tah-vah-yah)
cupbilo (bee-loh)
plateveleti (veh-leh-tee)
pillowlokoloko (lo-koh-loh-koh)
blankettutuvi (too-too-vee)
shirtsote (soh-teh)
pantstarausese (tar-raw-seh-seh)
shoesivava  (e-vah-vah)
sockssitokini (see-toh-kee-nee)
bookivola (e-voh-lah)
penpeni (peh-nee)
pencilpenikau (peh-nee-cow)
your/yoursnomu (naw-moo)
minenoqu (naw-goo)
us (2 people)kedaru (keh-dah-roo)
us (3 people)kedatou (keh-dah-tow)
us (crowd)keda (keh-dah)
drinkgunu (goo noo)
I/meo au (or-ya-oo)
runcici (thee-thee)
run to mecici mai (the-the-my)
go to him/her

lako vei koya (lah-koh vey koyah)

 

NUMBERS:

ROKA VAKA-VITI:

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